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There are several types of termite control chemicals registered by the relevant State and/or Federal Government Authority for use in termite control as a soil treatment compound.
WARNING: Many outdated goods are solvent established pest control pesticides which may lead to health issues to asthmatics during the drying procedure.
Termidor and Premise are the more powerful effective alternatives. Both are water based, have almost no smell and of ultra-low danger to humans, dogs, cats and other mammals.
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Termidor and Premise do NOT have an obnoxious odour or emit airborne residues or fumes. Both are registered as a low hazard insecticide with a CAUTION notation on the registered label.
Fipronil, the active ingredient in Termidor, has been used in the USA, Australia and other countries, for flea and tick control on millions of cats and puppies. Termidor and Premise represent modern technology.
Some alternative termiticides have a strong repellency action to discourage foraging termites. Whereas Termidor and Premise are non-repellant into the termites.
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Termites can enter the treated soil zone without detecting the Termidor or Premise compound.
The repellant nature of different products mean the termites can detect the chemical and will move along the treated soil areas, actively seeking a gap to gain entry into the building.
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Premise has been used as land treatment barrier against termites for more than eight years in the USA with excellent outcomes for long term termite control. We are not aware of any significant issues during this age.
Premise will act to kill termites, in the higher concentration treated soil areas abutting the building. With Premise, termites that forage in the lower concentrated treated soil regions, will become disorientated, stop feeding, and therefore are fatally diseased by natural fungi and micro-organisms in the dirt.
Both Bayer Premise and BASF Termidor claim their goods will transfer from one influenced termite to another... the technology aimed at eradicating the queen termite and the entire colony - refer to the animated illustration under:
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Termites tunneling in the Premise treated soil area abutting the building (of top concentration - near the point of application) are killed outright.
Termites tunneling in the outer parts of a Premise treated soil area (of low concentration) will not detect the Premise which adheres to their own bodies and has a delayed lethal effect of several days - enough time to be transferred back to the central colony nest.
Following 250 million decades of living underground, subterranean termites have evolved with a very thin waxy skin (called an exoskeleton) that easily absorbs moisture.
Premise adheres to the termite exoskeleton and is easily adsorbed through the exoskeleton and into the termite's body to immobilize and destroy the affected termite within a few days.
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The termites spread the Premise to other termites during regular physical contact, particularly when working together in close proximity, grooming resource and feeding the rest of the colony, a normal function of their everyday life.
Termites carry away or cannibalize other dead termites, further spreading the deadly effect of the Premise chemical across the colony.
The Sentricon termite monitoring and baiting system was developed by Dow AgroSciences, USA. The Sentricon bait is an insect growth regulator, which can be designed to be spread across the colony by the worker termites.
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An insect growth regulator affects termites by stopping the moulting process required for the termites to develop. Since the employee termites die off, the termite colony declines to the point at which it can no longer sustain itself, finally leading to it's collapse and elimination.
The Exterra termite monitoring and baiting process is owned by Ensystex, USA. The Exterra termite bait is also an insect growth regulator.
Both Sentricon and Exterra systems have their own plastic bait stations which has to be utilized with their product. These bait stations can be put in the ground and checked frequently.
Termite colony elimination in favourable circumstances might take several months to a few months. However, in some instances, termite colony elimination is unsuccessful or may take decades, depending on the circumstances. Where a large number of termites find and connsume the bait, then colony elimination is almost assured within a few months.
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Both of the Sentricon and Exterra termite baits are designed to be slow acting, non-repellant and therefore spread to other termites in the colony prior to the colony can detect where the deadly effect is coming out of.
Termites have acute survival instincts. The location of a poisonous food source if detected, will be abandoned. An excessive amount of disturbance of these foraging termites (employees and soldiers) in a particular location, will alert the termite colony to abandon the area. The termites appear to be gone, but might in reality be entering the building in different regions.